IBM

Verified to a limited level of assurance
Country of Headquarters
United States of America (USA)
Scopes of Emissions in Inventory
Scope 1, Scope 2, Scope 3
Pathway Roadmap Developed?
Yes – formally adopted
Status of Strategy
Implementing

Net-Zero Pledge

0%
0%
Pledge to Reach Net Zero by 
Pledge to Reach Net Zero by 2030
% progress
Scope of Emissions Included
Scope 1, Scope 2, Scope 3
Target Type
Operational
Year Goal was Publicly Announced
2021
Target Status
Implementing Pathway Plan
Terminology Tags
Net-zero Emissions
Climate Neutral
Science Based
Residual Emissions
1.5ºC Aligned
Carbon Doxide Capture and Storage

Reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 using feasible technologies to remove emissions in an amount which equals or exceeds IBM’s residual emissions. Aim for residual emissions of 350,000 metric tons of CO2 equivalent or less by 2030, which 90 percent of IBM’s electricity coming from renewable sources.

  • This covers our Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions, as well as Scope 3 emissions associated with IBM’s electricity consumption at co-location data centers.
  • We challenge ourselves by setting a numerical target for residual emissions.
  • We anticipate new carbon removal solutions such as direct air capture, and support their development with research to accelerate the discovery of enabling materials.
2030
2021
Implementing Pathway Plan
Subset of inventory boundary
Same as inventory boundary
Purchased goods and services
Market-based method
All operations in inventory boundary
Not verified
Not Applicable
Alignment with 1.5 degrees trajectory
The following Scope 3 emissions categories from our GHG emissions inventory are not included in the scope of this target: use of sold products; business travel; upstream leased assets; employee commuting.

Not applicable.

This target achieves a rate of reduction that equals or exceeds what scientific recommendations from the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) indicate is necessary to limit Earth’s warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

2010
1,175,000
744,000

Pathways

General approach and action plan 
Roadmap Developed?
Yes - formally adopted
Status of Strategy
Implementing
General Pillars of Strategy
Energy efficiency, Insets/removals, Conservation, Renewables or low-carbon energy, Value chain engagement
Energy efficiency, Insets/removals, Conservation, Renewables or low-carbon energy, Value chain engagement
Year Adopted
2021
Terminology Tags
1.5ºC Aligned
Net-zero Emissions
Climate Neutral
Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs)
Carbon Dioxide Removals

IBM plans to achieve its GHG emissions targets by continuing our focus on energy conservation and operational efficiency and increasing our purchases of renewable electricity to reduce our GHG emissions to the lowest feasible quantity, and then we anticipate to use carbon removal solutions and other feasible technologies to remove emissions in an amount which equals or exceeds IBM’s residual emissions.

To that end, IBM also has the following related and supporting targets in place:

  • Procure 75% of the electricity IBM consumes worldwide from renewable sources by 2025, and 90% by 2030.
  • Reduce IBM’s GHG emissions 65% by 2025 against base year 2010, adjusted for acquisitions and divestitures.
  • Implement a minimum of 3,000 energy conservation projects to avoid the consumption of 275,000 megawatt-hours of energy from 2021 to 2025.
  • Improve average data center cooling efficiency 20% by 2025 against base year 2019.

 

We challenge ourselves by:

  • Not counting the purchase of unbundled Renewable Energy Certificates to comprise any percent renewable (and associated Scope 2 emissions reductions) if IBM cannot credibly consume the electricity those certificates represent.
  • Not including the purchase of nature-based carbon offsets to comprise any emissions reduction.
  • Setting a numerical target for residual emissions.
Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy, Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production, Goal 13: Climate action
No

We challenge ourselves by:

  • Not counting the purchase of unbundled Renewable Energy Certificates to comprise any percent renewable (and associated Scope 2 emissions reductions) if IBM cannot credibly consume the electricity those certificates represent.
  • Not including the purchase of nature-based carbon offsets to comprise any emissions reduction. We anticipate using feasible technologies such as direct air capture to remove emissions in an amount which equals or exceeds IBM’s residual emissions. We support the development of such technologies with research to accelerate the discovery of enabling materials.
  • Setting a numerical target for residual emissions.
Energy/fuel management, Energy/fuel switching, Operational adjustments, Policy engagement, Value chain engagement, Market mechanisms, Customer education, Internal strategies (strategies to reduce direct GHG emissions within Scope 1), Research & development, Direct air carbon dioxide capture and storage (DACCS)
Efficiency, Conservation, Technology improvement
Renewables, Low carbon
Overall operational efficiency, Employee behavior modification
Funding, Technological advancement, Policy development, Policy adoption
N/A
No
No
Energy/fuel management, Energy/fuel switching, Operational adjustments, Policy engagement, Market mechanisms

Energy conservation is a basic pillar of our GHG emissions reduction targets. From 1990 through 2022, IBM has conserved 10 million megawatt-hours of energy – equivalent to more than triple IBM’s 2022 annual energy consumption – saving $680 million and avoiding 4.6 million metric tons of CO2e. Therefore, it is a strategy that reduces emissions, improves operational efficiency and saves money. In addition, for a company like IBM switching from conventional to renewable electricity procurement has the largest effect on GHG emissions reduction, since the majority of our energy consumption is in the form of electricity.

Energy/fuel switching, External removals

We anticipate the most challenging operational change will be associated to drastically reducing our Scope 1 emissions from the use of fuels in operations, including for heating and transportation. This will require transformational change and investment in infrastructure and assets to use low-carbon sources of energy, e.g. electrification. In addition, direct air carbon removal technologies are still in development. Even though for both aspects of our strategy mentioned here technologies exist, these are not feasible to be deployed at scale for an organization the size of IBM.

About

IBM

Description
City of Headquarters
Armonk, NY
Scope of Emissions Included
Scope 1, Scope 2, Scope 3
UNFCCC Categories Included
Inventory Verification Status
Verified to a limited level of assurance
Company (For-Profit)
Technology
10,000+
United States of America (USA)
Armonk, NY
Andres Rodriguez
arodrig@us.ibm.com
5000+
Executives or C-Suite
Entity-Wide (Operational or Financial Control)
GHG Protocol, ISO 14064
Published to Organizational Website
Yes
IBM’s global energy consumption, renewable electricity procurement and operational GHG emissions reduction goals and reporting cover activities taking place in locations owned or leased by IBM, inclusive of Red Hat®. These locations include IBM data centers housed in facilities managed by third parties where IBM does not procure the energy or control the operations of the buildings – also known as co-location data centers.
Operational Control
Purchased goods and services, Business travel, Employee commuting, Upstream leased assets, Use of sold products
2022
Calendar Year
431,000
Market-Based Method
Stationary combustion of fuels in any stationary equipment including boilers, furnaces, burners, turbines, heaters, incinerators, engines, flares, etc., GHG emissions from mobile sources (e.g. emissions produced by the combustion of fuels in engines used for transportation, construction, agriculture, and forestry)., Intentional or unintentional releases from the production, processing, transmission, storage, and use of fuels and other substances, that do not pass through a stack, chimney, vent, exhaust pipe or other functionally equivalent opening.
Indirect emissions from purchased electricity, Indirect emissions from purchased steam, Indirect emissions from purchased heat, Indirect emissions from purchased cooling
30
70
39
Verified to a limited level of assurance
Scope 1, Scope 2, Scope 3
Scope 1, Scope 2, Scope 3
Purchased goods and services, Business travel, Employee commuting, Upstream leased assets, Use of sold products
0
0
0
5
2018201920202021
Scope 1
105000
Scope 2
505000
Scope 3
Category 1
Purchased goods and services
252000
Category 2
Capital goods
Category 3
Fuel and energy-related activities
Category 4
Upstream transportation and distribution
Category 5
Waste generated in operations
Category 6
Business travel
458000
Category 7
Employee commuting
123000
Category 8
Upstream leased assets
39000
Category 9
Downstream transportation and distribution
Category 10
Processing of sold products
Category 11
Use of sold products
397000
Category 12
End-of-life treatment of sold products
Category 13
Downstream leased assets
Category 14
Franchises
Category 15
Investments
Scope 1
100000
Scope 2
460000
Scope 3
Category 1
Purchased goods and services
251000
Category 2
Capital goods
Category 3
Fuel and energy-related activities
Category 4
Upstream transportation and distribution
Category 5
Waste generated in operations
Category 6
Business travel
393000
Category 7
Employee commuting
119000
Category 8
Upstream leased assets
40000
Category 9
Downstream transportation and distribution
Category 10
Processing of sold products
Category 11
Use of sold products
287000
Category 12
End-of-life treatment of sold products
Category 13
Downstream leased assets
Category 14
Franchises
Category 15
Investments
Scope 1
74000
Scope 2
262000
Scope 3
Category 1
Purchased goods and services
234000
Category 2
Capital goods
Category 3
Fuel and energy-related activities
Category 4
Upstream transportation and distribution
Category 5
Waste generated in operations
Category 6
Business travel
85000
Category 7
Employee commuting
42000
Category 8
Upstream leased assets
13000
Category 9
Downstream transportation and distribution
Category 10
Processing of sold products
Category 11
Use of sold products
291000
Category 12
End-of-life treatment of sold products
Category 13
Downstream leased assets
Category 14
Franchises
Category 15
Investments
Scope 1
79000
Scope 2
221000
Scope 3
Category 1
Purchased goods and services
176000
Category 2
Capital goods
Category 3
Fuel and energy-related activities
Category 4
Upstream transportation and distribution
Category 5
Waste generated in operations
Category 6
Business travel
37000
Category 7
Employee commuting
15000
Category 8
Upstream leased assets
13000
Category 9
Downstream transportation and distribution
Category 10
Processing of sold products
Category 11
Use of sold products
272000
Category 12
End-of-life treatment of sold products
Category 13
Downstream leased assets
Category 14
Franchises
Category 15
Investments

IBM publishes performance on a vast range of environmental areas, including energy consumption, energy conservation, renewable electricity consumption, waste and water conservation, biodiversity programs, supply chain engagement programs, product energy efficiency and solutions that find applicability in helping clients improve their own environmental performance – among other areas. For more information, please visit: https://www.ibm.com/impact

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Southern Company Services

0% Progress
Target year: 2050
0%
Target year: 2050
Type of Pledge: Net-Zero
Scope emissions: Scope 1, Scope 2, Scope 3